Food is a basic necessity and vital human existence. Bangladesh is beset with many problems. The food problem is one of them. In recent years this problem is growing more acute. The population of Bangladesh is a very small country but its population is very huge. This adverse land-man ratio is posing food problem to the forefront of our national challenges in the coming decades. In fact, Bangladesh is faced with the challenges of sustaining the current level of food production, to feed its already vast and ever-increasing population, let alone augmenting food production. Food problem of Bangladesh.
Food problem and population
Famous English philosopher and economist Malthus expounded the theory that the growth of the population tends to return the growth of food supply. Tends to increase only arithmetically. From this, Malthus drew the conclusion that the bulk of mankind is doomed to live in poverty and near-starvation.
From Malthus’s theory, it is clear that there is an intricate relation between population and food production. The present Food problem in Bangladesh and its relation to population growth only justify his theory.
Causes of food problem
As we have seen above, increasing the population is the major cause of food problems. However, there are a number of other reasons for the food problem in Bangladesh.
Every year Bangladesh is losing about 80 thousand hectares of its cultivable land due to housing, setting up Industries, school, College, hospitals, constructing roads and Highways, and have no agricultural land after 2080.
Secondly, in this age of tremendous scientific advancement, our agricultural system is still backdated and unscientific. Though Bangladesh is a land of rivers and wetlands, our agriculture suffers from irrigation and water crisis, become it depends on nature for water, and we could not develop a good system and network of irrigation.
Then, our farmers mainly use unscientific and traditional tools means of cultivation that hampers our food production.
Besides, the line with the demand of local and international markets, farmers now grow various items of crops in large areas of local and international food grain of Bangladesh. Farmers now grow various items of crops in large areas of land–maize, vegetables, flowers, fruits, spices and grow so on. This is also causing a shortage in the staple food supply.
Impacts of food problem
Any decline or causing a shortage in the staple crisis in food-production brings great distress to people, especially poor people, and seriously hampers the economic growth of a country.
when there is a crisis or problem in food production, its prices rice,.As result inflation occurs, which creates, socio-economic problem. Again, in order to meet the demand for food supply, the country has to import food grains from abroad with a heavy cost of foreign exchange. This poses a serious pressure on the country and the economic and other sectors.
The food problem is a serious one, and in Bangladesh sustaining food supply to an increasing population is a major challenge. Reasonably, co–oriented and pragmatic effort a necessary. Fortunately, Bangladesh has steadily progressed in food production in the last few years.